More and more, IPython has become my tool of choice as the ultimate calculator and to try out concepts and code for use in my programs.
While I generally use the terminal-based interactive shell, notebooks offer more capabilities for integrating text, formulas and graphics.
With Python 2.7 effectively mostly frozen except for some backports of 3.x
features I figured it is time to start moving to Python 3. Most of my smaller
scripts have already been ported, and my larger applications like
Until recently, FreeBSD’s package infrastructure couldn’t deal with installing
the same Python package for multiple Python versions. This was fixed in the
alpha versions of
pkg 1.4.0 which at the time of writing of this article
was contained in the
ports-mgmt/pkg-devel port. After updating the package
The following command was used to update the pkg program to the development version:
portmaster -o ports-mgmt/pkg-devel ports-mgmt/pkg
This update allowed me to install Python 3.4 version of some packages alongside Python 2.7 versions.
Nice to have
First among those that I installed for Python 3.4 was numpy. While not a requirement for IPython, I use it often.
Using the FreeBSD package management tool
pkg, the dependencies for
IPython are as follows
> pkg info -d py27-ipython-2.3.0 py27-ipython-2.3.0: py27-tornado-4.0.2 py27-pyzmq-14.3.1 py27-pexpect-3.3 python27-2.7.8_6 gcc-4.8.3_2 py27-setuptools27-5.5.1 py27-Jinja2-2.7.3 py27-sqlite3-2.7.8_5
This IPython is compiled with the following options
_OPTIONS_READ=py27-ipython-2.2.0 _FILE_COMPLETE_OPTIONS_LIST=EXAMPLES HTML_NOTEBOOK X11 ZMQ OPTIONS_FILE_UNSET+=EXAMPLES OPTIONS_FILE_SET+=HTML_NOTEBOOK OPTIONS_FILE_UNSET+=X11 OPTIONS_FILE_SET+=ZMQ
We examine the dependencies of the packages that IPython uses
> pkg info -r py27-tornado-4.0.2 py27-pyzmq-14.3.1 py27-pexpect-3.3 py27-Jinja2-2.7.3 py27-sqlite3-2.7.8_5 py27-tornado-4.0.2: py27-ipython-2.3.0 py27-pyzmq-14.3.1: py27-ipython-2.3.0 py27-pexpect-3.3: py27-ipython-2.3.0 py27-Jinja2-2.7.3: pelican-3.3.0_1 py27-sphinx-1.2.3 py27-ipython-2.3.0 py27-sqlite3-2.7.8_5: py27-ipython-2.3.0
Only the Jinja package is used by other installed programs. The other dependencies are only used by IPython. Let’s see which ports are the origin of these packages:
> pkg info -o py27-tornado-4.0.2 py27-pyzmq-14.3.1 py27-pexpect-3.3 py27-Jinja2-2.7.3 py27-sqlite3-2.7.8_5 py27-tornado-4.0.2 www/py-tornado py27-pyzmq-14.3.1 net/py-pyzmq py27-pexpect-3.3 misc/py-pexpect py27-Jinja2-2.7.3 devel/py-Jinja2 py27-sqlite3-2.7.8_5 databases/py-sqlite3
Now we need to check if all these packages support Python 3.4. Looking at the port Makefiles, all of them should build with Python 3.4. Before installing the new ports, we remove the Python 2.7 versions of IPython and those ports that solely depend upon it:
# pkg delete py27-ipython-2.3.0 py27-tornado-4.0.2 py27-pyzmq-14.3.1 py27-pexpect-3.3 Checking integrity... done (0 conflicting) Deinstallation has been requested for the following 4 packages (of 0 packages in the universe): Installed packages to be REMOVED: py27-ipython-2.3.0 py27-tornado-4.0.2 py27-pyzmq-14.3.1 py27-pexpect-3.3 The operation will free 22 MB. Proceed with deinstalling packages? [y/N]: y [1/4] Deinstalling py27-ipython-2.3.0... [1/4] Deleting files for py27-ipython-2.3.0: 100% [2/4] Deinstalling py27-tornado-4.0.2... [2/4] Deleting files for py27-tornado-4.0.2: 100% [3/4] Deinstalling py27-pyzmq-14.3.1... [3/4] Deleting files for py27-pyzmq-14.3.1: 100% [4/4] Deinstalling py27-pexpect-3.3... [4/4] Deleting files for py27-pexpect-3.3: 100%
The sqlite package for Python 2.7 is left because it is useful.
Installing these requirements for Python 3.4 is done by running the command
make PYTHON_VERSION=python3.4 install clean
in each of the port directories
After that the same
make command is run in
As mentioned before, I also installed the port
math/py-numpy for Python 3.4.
~/.ipython/profile_default/ipython_config.py used to import true
division for Python 2.7. Since this is the standard for Python 3.4, this is
not necessary anymore. The configuration was changed:
diff --git a/shared/ipython_config.py b/shared/ipython_config.py index e921e92..f5914e6 100644 --- a/shared/ipython_config.py +++ b/shared/ipython_config.py @@ -4,8 +4,7 @@ c = get_config() -c.InteractiveShellApp.exec_lines = ['from __future__ import division', - '%precision %.4g', '%clear'] +c.InteractiveShellApp.exec_lines = ['%precision %.4g', '%clear'] c.TerminalIPythonApp.display_banner = False c.TerminalInteractiveShell.automagic = False c.TerminalInteractiveShell.confirm_exit = False
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