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Articles tagged with "FEA"

  1. Element names in Calculix

    CalculiX consists out of two programs;

    • cgx: pre- and postprocessor
    • ccx: solver

    A minor annoyance is that the naming of element types is not consistent between them.

    Below is a table that provides a mapping between the two.

  2. FEA based on STEP geometry using gmsh and CalculiX

    In this article an FEA workflow based on CAD geometry in the form of STEP files and gmsh for mesh generation and CalculiX as the solver will be discussed. This workflow is primarily suited for isotropic materials.

    If one is working with FreeCAD, the FEM workbench enables a similar workflow, if gmsh and CalculiX are installed. But the author prefers this method because it makes the details of the process more transparent and accessible.

    All the software used here is freely available. On UNIX-like systems (e.g. FreeBSD, Linux) it can generally be installed by the native package manager. Installing the prerequisites under ms-windows is outside the scope of this article.

  3. Corrugation against buckling

    Composite sandwich products loaded in bending tend to fail by buckling of the laminate under compression. The author’s intuition is that corrugating the surface under compression should help. So the question is; does it help, and how much. That is what will be investigated in this article.

  4. Hex versus tet meshes in FEA

    In this article the difference in the images of the stresses between a quadrilateral hexahedron (“hex”) mesh and a tetraeder (“tet”) mesh will be investigated. In both cases, second order elements will be used.

    Hopefully this will make it clear to the reader why hex meshes are generally preferred.

    The plate with a hole that was the subject of a previous article will again be used. The analyses will be done using CalculiX.

  5. Continuum properties of aluminium honeycomb

    Honeycomb cores are often used in composite structures as an alternative core material to e.g. polymeric foams or end-grain balsa.

    In FEA we want to be able to treat honeycomb as a continuous material instead of having to model individual cells. Otherwise even simple FEA models involving honeycomb would become unmanageably large.

  6. Automating CalculiX with make(1)

    The make program is a staple UNIX development tool. In this article I will show how it can be used to automate and simplify the usage of CalculiX.

    My CalculiX projects are all kept in their own directories. In each of those directories there exists a Makefile. This contains instructions for the make program.

    By default, invoking make in this directory runs the pre-processor and the solver. But there are also specific sub-commands, for example:

    • “make mesh” shows the mesh used in the FEA.
    • “make disp” shows the deformed product in the post-processor.
    • “make stress” shows the stresses in the product in the post-processor.
  7. FEA with Calculix (3)

    This is the third installment of a series of articles about how to analyze sandwich structures with FEA.

    It might be a good idea to read part 1 and part 2 first.

    In this part we will look at a simplified simulation of a three-point bending test of a sandwich panel.


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